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Best Practices for Record Retention in Accounting: Making the Right Moves

By: Nestor Caballero CPA

Managing financial records extends beyond merely finding a place to stow away old receipts and invoices. It's about creating an organized system that allows easy access to vital documents at the moment of necessity. Record retention practices in accounting influence everything from your legal standing and tax status to business growth.

Today's post from us at CFLG explores the best practices for record retention, enabling you to enhance your accounting workflow, reduce risks, and ensure full legal compliance.

1. Understand the Legal Requirements

Different industries and jurisdictions carry varying requirements for how long specific documents should be retained. For instance, in the U.S., the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) mandates that businesses keep tax-related documents for a minimum of three to seven years, contingent on the type of document.

Keeping updated with your industry's record retention stipulations is paramount, as non-compliance can result in penalties or difficulties during audit processes.

2. Categorize and Organize Your Records

Proper categorization of records is a vital component of an efficient retention system. Classify your documents based on their type, such as tax records, payroll records, invoices, contracts, and more. This strategy simplifies the retrieval process when these records are needed.

Consider integrating a document management system, allowing you to digitize, index, and manage your records effectively. This system could be a straightforward cloud storage system with appropriately labeled folders and files or a sophisticated software solution for larger businesses.

3. Implement a Consistent Record Retention Schedule

Establish a record retention schedule aligned with legal requirements and your business needs. This schedule should detail the duration for retaining each record type and the procedures for secure disposal at the end of this period.

Ensure you regularly review and update this schedule as laws and business needs evolve. Make sure all staff involved in record keeping are familiar with this schedule and trained on its execution.

4. Secure Your Records

Record retention involves more than storage—it also requires security. Both digital and physical records need to be securely stored to prevent unauthorized access and data breaches.

For physical records, secure storage solutions such as locked file cabinets or offsite storage facilities are advisable. Digital records should be encrypted and protected by robust cybersecurity measures. Regularly back up your digital records to prevent loss due to technical malfunctions.

5. Dispose of Records Properly

Once the retention period for a document expires, it should be securely disposed of to prevent any leakage of sensitive information. Shredding is the most common method for physical documents, while secure digital deletion techniques should be employed for electronic records.


Implementing proper record retention practices is a critical part of accounting best practices. It aids in keeping your firm compliant with legal requirements, facilitates the retrieval of records when necessary, reduces clutter, and enhances the overall efficiency of your accounting process.

By understanding legal requirements, categorizing and organizing records, implementing a consistent retention schedule, securing your records, and properly disposing of them, you are taking significant steps towards a streamlined, efficient, and compliant record retention process.

As always, if you have any queries about record retention for your business, our team here at CFLG is ready to assist you. Contact us today for professional advice tailored to your specific needs.